LAS VEGAS -- Two researchers examining the processes for issuing web certificates have uncovered vulnerabilities that would allow an attacker to masquerade as any website and trick a computer user into providing him with sensitive communications. Normally when a user visits a secure website, such as Bank of America, PayPal or Ebay, the browser examines the website's certificate to verify its authenticity. However, IOActive researcher Dan Kaminsky and independent researcher Moxie Marlinspike, working separately, presented nearly identical findings in separate talks at the Black Hat security conference on Wednesday. Each showed how an attacker can legitimately obtain a certificate with a special character in the domain name that would fool nearly all popular browsers into believing an attacker is whichever site he wants to be. The problem occurs in the way that browsers implement Secure Socket Layer communications. Certificates for authenticating SSL communications are obtained through Certificate Authorities CAs such as VeriSign and Thawte and are used to initiate a secure channel of communication between the user's browser and a website. When an attacker who owns his own domain -- badguy. But an attacker can also request a certificate for a subdomain of his site, such as Paypal. The CA will issue the certificate for a domain like PayPal. Then, due to a flaw found in the way SSL is implemented in many browsers, Firefox and others theoretically can be fooled into reading his certificate as if it were one that came from the authentic PayPal site.
How Can We Help
The following agreements regulate the supply of Leica Geosystems Trusted Services. For this purpose, Leica Geosystems shall make the software application available for the Customer and his authorised users to use. The corresponding prices and payment conditions are described in the Subscription Form. Leica Geosystems shall inform the Customer of these price increases in writing or by e-mail; the price increases shall not apply for periods where the customer has already made payments. Neither the Customer nor a third party can hold Leica Geosystems responsible for changing or terminating the service. The Customer shall not receive any additional rights, in particular to Leica Geosystems Trusted Services, the software related to it or the operating application. In particular, the Customer shall not be permitted to duplicate, sell or transfer Leica Geosystems Trusted Services, or parts thereof, for a limited period, which primarily means he may not lend nor rent it. Leica Geosystems shall inform the Customer about this immediately and shall take suitable measures to allow him to access his data. Other Customer claims or rights shall remain unaffected.
Censorship in Belarus , although prohibited by the country's constitution , is enforced by a number of laws. These include a law that makes insulting the president punishable by up to five years in prison, and another that makes criticizing Belarus abroad punishable by up to two years in prison. Freedom of the press in Belarus remains extremely restricted. State-owned media are subordinated to the president and harassment and censorship of independent media are routine. The government subjects both independent and foreign media to systematic political intimidation, especially for reporting on the deteriorating economy and human rights abuses. Journalists are harassed and detained for reporting on unauthorized demonstrations or working with unregistered media outlets. Journalists have been killed in suspicious circumstances. This score placed Belarus 9th from the bottom of the countries included in the report and earned the country a "Not Free" status. The Ministry of Information of Belarus was established in  and serves as Belarus' media regulator.
To promote its products in mainland China through the own website, the company will need to buy a Chinese domain and hosting, as well as obtain a local ICP license. Websites that are not registered in the. Registration of a domain in the. If your hosting servers are outside of mainland China, your website loading speed will be extremely low, and — because of the Great Chinese Firewall — the domain may not be present in search results at all. Read more about choosing and buying a hosting in China here. In order to conduct business operations through your website and post information about your products and services on it, you must obtain a commercial ICP license.